Introduction to Isaiah 28-33
These six chapters are naturally divided into five or six sections depending on whether chapter 29:15 is a subsection of chapter 29 or forms an independent section. Each section is clearly marked with the initial word woe. They do not appear to be a collection of odd prophecies but rather a series. They expose Judahs wickedness. Judah is portrayed with all her evils including trusting Egypt for protection.
The setting is different to chapters 7-11 where Ahaz, an evil king, encourages all sorts of evil behavior. In those chapters, God brings to light some beautiful promises to the faithful remnant. Comfort was brought.
Now, however, with King Hezekiah encouraging acts of reform, the Lord has very few comforting words. Judgment of the still residing evils is the predominant message in these chapters (28-33). God certainly is demanding real trust and holiness and not just a superficial facelift.
Positively speaking, God was urging Israel to conform to her calling of a true theocracy. This would affect Israel in two major ways:
- 1) they would trust in God, and
- 2) they would reflect their leaders moral law, which would of course be God Himself.
Simply put, they would trust and believe in God. However, they refused to do this.