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Purpose and Outline of 1 Corinthians serves as part of the Living Commentary which provides an overview summary of the Book of 1 Corinthians.
Paul addresses the general issues causing factions within the church, highlighting their tendency to be arrogant and carnal, but simultaneously points out the ability and beauty of living by the Spirit of God.
He goes on by stressing his authority to direct their church affairs before directing them on specific issues. Paul saw the enemy to unity is the lack of commitment to serve the Lord together derives from people serving their own flesh. Paul confronted these enemies by showing God’s ways and revealed the inadequacy of their own lusts, immoralities, greed and discontentment.
Paul turned their minds to a more lofty way of life. Instead of seeking freedoms to serve ourselves, we should use these liberties to serve the Lord. Freedoms such as eating foods, marry who one wishes, getting paid for our ministry all exist to test our commitment to serve the body of Christ.
Even with freedom, there still are rules to govern the church and to protect God’s work. If we chose to serve one another instead of our fleshly appetites, then these rules would not need to be existent at all. But we are not that way. The Lord judges His people and we need to be careful to do all that He wants. Women’s tendency to usurp authority, focusing on satisfying our appetites rather than meditating upon Christ during communion meal and the exercise of spiritual gifts all must be subject to God’s rules for decency, order and respect of Christ’s work in His people.
Paul declares the historicity of the Gospel so to remind them of Christ’s work on the cross and the resurrection. Christ is living in their midst. They also need to attend to building up rewards for the future rather than focusing on their appetites on earth. Because He is living, we respond to Him by giving and faithful caring for our coworkers.
1 Corinthians will help us gain a wonderful handle on how the resurrection makes a different on my present life.
Responding to Reports (1-6)
1 Corinthians is split up in two large parts.
|Chapters 1-6 discuss Paul's response to different reports he had heard about the Corinthian church. They tend to be more touchy topics.||Chapters 7-16 discuss issues that the Corinthians themselves had brought up in some letter mentioned in 7:1. These issues are more what one might think addressed in public: issues about worship, spiritual gifts, and doctrinal controversies.
All the way through this second section from chapter 7 right to the end in chapter 16 we see the issues that the Corinthian Christians brought up to the apostle in a letter. Each answer from Paul forms a major part of the letter he wrote to them. Each section is marked off by the exact same words ‘now concerning’ (Greek: peri de).
Not lacking in any gift
Awaiting eagerly the revelation of Jesus Christ
Perseverant and blameless to the end
Exhortation to unity (1:10-17)
Reason #1 Christ destroyed our pride (1:18-31)
Reason #2 Paul’s Example of humility (2:1-16)
God’s foundation building (3:1-23)
Quality of leaders (4:1-21)
Dealing with the immoral (5:1-13)
Dealing with those filing lawsuits (6
Marriage Problems (7:1-7)
Singles and Singlehood (7:8-40)
Sacrifice to idols (8:1-13)
Apostles right to marriage/freedom (9:1-27)
Women in worship (11:1-16)
Gifts of Spirit (12:1-31)
Love supremacy (13:1-13)
Clarification on Tongues (14:1-33)
Women speaking in church (14:34-40)
Historicity of the Gospel (15:1-11)
Character of Resurrection (15:12-49)
The final moment (15:50-58)
Perspective on offering
Last charges and greetings (16:10-24)
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